INTOX Home Page
1,1,2-TRICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0080
Date of Peer Review: March 1995

Vinyl trichloride
beta-Trichloroethane
CAS # 79-00-5 C2H3Cl3 / CHCl2CH2Cl
RTECS # KJ3150000 Molecular mass: 133.4
UN # 3082
EC # 602-014-00-8
TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible under specific conditions. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. See Notes.
NO open flames. NO contact with hot surfaces.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION See Notes.

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

Inhalation Dizziness. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Unconsciousness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes
Safety spectacles or face shield .
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
Ingestion (Further see Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus.
Marine pollutant.
EU Classification
Symbol: Xn
R: 20/21/22-40-66
S: (2-)-9-36/37-46
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 9
UN Pack Group: III
EMERGENCY RESPONSE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-90GM6-III NFPA Code: H 3; F 1; R 0;
Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, many metals .
Well closed. Ventilation along the floor.
IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities IPCS, CEC 1999

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
1,1,2-TRICHLOROETHANE ICSC: 0080
IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming hydrogen chloride (see ICSC0163),
phosgene (see ICSC0007), and other toxic gases. Reacts with strong oxidants, strong bases and metals such as sodium, potassium, magnesium and powdered aluminium. Attacks many plastic, rubber, steel and zinc.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 10 ppm as TWA ;
(skin) ;
A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans); (ACGIH 2004). MAK: 10 ppm ,
55 mg/m Peak limitation category: II(2); skin absorption (H); Carcinogen category: 3B; (DFG 2004).
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C .

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system ,
kidneys ,
liver , resulting in central nervous depression, liver impairment and kidney impairment .
Exposure at high levels may result in unconsciousness.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 114C
Melting point: -36C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.44
Solubility in water: none
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 2.5
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 4.6
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 6-15.5
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.35
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
NOTES
Flash point unknown in literature. Combustible vapour/air mixtures difficult to ignite, may be developed under certain conditions. Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. The relation between odour and the occupational exposure limit cannot be indicated. Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


LEGAL NOTICE Neither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
IPCS, CEC 1999
See Also:
        1,1,1-Trichloroethane (CHEMINFO)
        1,1,1-Trichloroethane (EHC 136, 1992)
        1,1,1-Trichloroethane (ICSC)
        1,1,1-Trichloroethane (PIM 540)
        1,1,1-trichloroethane (UK PID)
        1,1,2-Trichloroethane (CHEMINFO)