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SECTION 1. CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

CHEMINFO Record Number: 541
CCOHS Chemical Name: Triamylamine (mixed isomers)

Synonyms:
(Dipentylamino)pentane (mixed isomers)
N,N-Dipentylpentanamine (mixed isomers)
Pentanamine, N,N-dipentyl (mixed isomers)
Triamylamine (mixed isomers)
Triamylamine (non-specific name)
Triamylamines
Tripentylamine
Tripentylamines
Tripentylamine (non-specific name)
N,N,N-Tripentylamine (mixed isomers)

Chemical Name French: Triamylamine (mélange d'isomères)
Chemical Name Spanish: Triamilaminas (mezcla de isómeros)
CAS Registry Number: Not available
EU EINECS/ELINCS Number: 210-705-7 (tripentylamine)
Chemical Family: Saturated aliphatic amine / alkyl amine / trialkyl amine / tertiary alkylamines / tertiary aminoalkanes / tertiary amines / amylamines / pentylamines
Molecular Formula: C15-H33-N
Structural Formula: N(C5H11)3

SECTION 2. DESCRIPTION

Appearance and Odour:
Clear pale yellow liquid with an ammonia-like or fishy odour.(4,13,14) Yellow colour darkens on prolonged exposure to air.

Odour Threshold:
Information not available

Warning Properties:
Insufficient information available for evaluation

Composition/Purity:
Triamylamine isomer mixture consists of 97% tertiary amines. Depending on the manufacturer, some of the isomers that may be present in varying concentrations are: tri-n-amylamine (CAS No. 621-77-2), tri(3-methylbutyl)amine (CAS No. 645-41-0), tri(2-methylbutyl)amine (CAS No. 620-43-9) and di(2-methylbutyl)-pentylamine (CAS No. not assigned). Some of the impurities that may be present are amylamines, diamylamines, n-amyl nitrile, n-amylhalides, n-amyl alcohol, ammonia, and water.(15) For information on the hazards and control measures for tri-n-amylamine, refer to the CHEMINFO review of this compound.

Uses and Occurrences:
Can be used as a polymerization catalyst and acid acceptor.(15) It may also be used in the preparation of agricultural chemicals, emulsifying agents, dyes, pharmaceuticals, and other organic molecules.(6,14,15)


SECTION 3. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW:
Clear pale yellow liquid with an ammonia-like or fishy odour. COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID or VAPOUR. Liquid floats on water. Oxidizes on prolonged exposure to air. Has a low autoignition temperature and can easily ignite on hot surfaces. Decomposes at high temperatures forming toxic gases, such as nitrogen oxides and hydrogen cyanide. VERY TOXIC. May be fatal if inhaled and harmful if absorbed through the skin or swallowed. EYE AND SKIN IRRITANT. Causes severe eye and skin irritation. Irritating to the respiratory tract. May cause lung injury--effects may be delayed. Low vapour concentrations may cause a temporary visual disturbance known as "blue haze" or "halo vision".



POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS

Effects of Short-Term (Acute) Exposure

Inhalation:
Triamylamine (mixed isomers) can form a vapour and is considered very toxic based on comparison to other closely related amines (e.g. tri-n-butylamine, di-n-amylamine). The vapour or mists formed from solutions are expected to be severely irritating to the nose, throat and lungs. Symptoms such as sore throat, coughing, chest pain, shortness of breath and difficult breathing may occur. High concentrations may cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) that might be fatal. Symptoms of pulmonary edema (tightness in the chest and shortness of breath) can develop up to 48 hours after exposure and are aggravated by physical exertion. No human or animal information was located.

Skin Contact:
Triamylamine (mixed isomers) may be a moderate to severe skin irritant, based on comparison to closely related amines. No human information or animal information was located.
Triamylamine (mixed isomers) may be absorbed through the skin and should be considered toxic by this route of exposure based on comparison to other tertiary amines.

Eye Contact:
Triamylamine (mixed isomers) may be a moderate to severe eye irritant based on comparison to closely related amines. Exposure to the vapour may produce intolerable eye irritation. No human or animal information was located.
Low airborne concentrations of many amines (e.g. diethylamine, dimethylamine and triethylamine) can cause a visual disturbance commonly known as "blue haze" or "halo vision". This effect results from temporary swelling of the surface of the eye caused by the amine (6), or by direct deposition of tertiary amines onto the surface of the eye (9). In general, after about 1-3 hours of exposure, vision becomes foggy or blurred, objects might appear bluish and there may be halos around lights. Affected persons may not experience eye discomfort or pain. The effect normally clears up within a day and causes no permanent injury.(6,9,10) The visual disturbance could contribute to accidents. It is not known whether triamylamine (mixed isomers) can cause this effect.

Ingestion:
Triamylamine (mixed isomers) should be considered toxic if ingested based on comparison to tri-n-butylamine. It is expected to be a moderate to severe irritant. Ingestion of concentrated solutions may irritate the lips, tongue, throat, esophagus and stomach. No specific human information located. Ingestion is not a typical route of occupational exposure.

Effects of Long-Term (Chronic) Exposure

Lungs/Respiratory System:
Long-term exposure to relatively low concentrations may be irritating to the respiratory system (nose, throat and bronchi).

Skin:
Repeated or prolonged contact with dilute solutions could cause dermatitis (red, dry, cracked skin).

Carcinogenicity:

No specific human or animal information was located. Tertiary amines like the components of triamylamine (mixed isomers) can react with nitrites under acidic conditions to form nitrosamines, many of which are carcinogenic in animal tests.(10,11,12) The extent of this conversion and its relevance for carcinogenicity in humans is not known.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has not evaluated the carcinogenicity of this chemical.

The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) has no listing for this chemical.

The US National Toxicology Program (NTP) has not listed this chemical in its report on carcinogens.

Teratogenicity and Embryotoxicity:
No human or animal information was located.

Reproductive Toxicity:
No human or animal information was located.

Mutagenicity:
No specific information was located for triamylamine (mixed isomers). Tri-n-amylamine, which is an ingredient of triamylamine (mixed isomers) was not mutagenic in test using bacteria.

Toxicologically Synergistic Materials:
Tertiary amines, like the chemicals making up triamylamine (mixed isomers), can react with nitrosating agents (e.g. nitrites, nitrous acid and nitrogen oxides) to form nitrosamines, many of which are carcinogenic in animal tests.(10,11,12)

Potential for Accumulation:
Amines are well-absorbed from the respiratory and digestive tracts and through the skin.(1) No information on how triamylamine (mixed isomers) is chemically changed (metabolized) in humans or animals was located, but the components of the isomeric mixture probably do not accumulate in the body.


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Inhalation:
This chemical is very toxic. Take proper precautions to ensure your own safety before attempting rescue (e.g. wear appropriate protective equipment, use the buddy system). Remove source of contamination or move victim to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, trained personnel should administer emergency oxygen. DO NOT allow victim to move about unnecessarily. Symptoms of pulmonary edema can be delayed up to 48 hours after exposure. Quickly transport victim to an emergency care facility.

Skin Contact:
Avoid direct contact. Wear chemical protective clothing, if necessary. As quickly as possible, remove contaminated clothing, shoes and leather goods (e.g. watchbands, belts). Quickly and gently blot away excess chemical. Immediately wash gently and thoroughly with lukewarm, gently flowing water and non-abrasive soap for 15-20 minutes. If irritation persists, continue washing and flushing with water. Quickly transport victim to an emergency care facility. Double bag, seal, label and leave contaminated clothing, shoes and leather goods at the scene for safe disposal.

Eye Contact:
Avoid direct contact. Wear chemical protective gloves, if necessary. Quickly and gently blot or brush chemical off the face. Immediately flush the contaminated eye(s) with lukewarm, gently flowing water for 15-20 minutes, while holding the eyelid(s) open. If a contact lens is present, DO NOT delay irrigation or attempt to remove the lens. If irritation persists, repeat flushing. Neutral saline solution may be used as soon as it is available. Take care not to rinse contaminated water into the unaffected eye or onto the face. Quickly transport victim to an emergency care facility.

Ingestion:
NEVER give anything by mouth if victim is rapidly losing consciousness, is unconscious or convulsing. Have victim rinse mouth thoroughly with water. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Have victim drink 60 to 240 mL (2 to 8 oz) of water. If vomiting occurs naturally, have victim rinse mouth with water again. Quickly transport victim to an emergency care facility.

First Aid Comments:
Provide general supportive measures (comfort, warmth, rest).
Consult a doctor and/or the nearest Poison Control Centre for all exposures.
Some first aid procedures recommended above require advanced first aid training. Protocols for undertaking advanced procedures must be developed in consultation with a doctor and routinely reviewed.

All first aid procedures should be periodically reviewed by a doctor familiar with the material and its conditions of use in the workplace.



SECTION 5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

Flash Point:
Varies with composition. 77 deg C (171 deg F) (closed cup, triisopentylamine) (22); 91 deg C (196 deg F) (closed cup) (14)

Lower Flammable (Explosive) Limit (LFL/LEL):
Not available. Varies with composition.

Upper Flammable (Explosive) Limit (UFL/UEL):
Not available. Varies with composition.

Autoignition (Ignition) Temperature:
Varies with composition. 210 deg C (410 deg F) (estimated)

Electrical Conductivity:
50-1 x 10(4) pS/m (estimated)

Combustion and Thermal Decomposition Products:
Nitrogen oxides, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, nitriles, isocyanates, nitrosamines, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and other irritating and toxic fumes may be formed in a fire.

Flammable Properties:

Specific Hazards Arising from the Chemical:
Can accumulate in confined spaces and low areas, resulting in an explosion or toxicity hazard. During a fire, toxic nitrogen oxide and hydrogen cyanide gases may be generated. Heat from a fire can cause a rapid build-up of pressure inside containers, which may cause explosive rupture.

Extinguishing Media:
Small fires: Dry chemical powder Large fires: Alcohol resistant foam

Extinguishing Media to be Avoided:
Carbon dioxide reacts with amines to form thermally unstable carbamate salts.

Fire Fighting Instructions:
Evacuate area. Fight fire from a protected location or maximum distance possible. Approach fire from upwind to avoid hazardous vapours and toxic decomposition products. Wear full protective gear if exposure is possible. See advice in Protection of Firefighters.
Stop leak before attempting to stop the fire. If the leak cannot be stopped, and if there is no risk to the surrounding area, let the fire burn itself out. Build earthen dikes in the path of burning liquid to limit the fire area. If the flames are extinguished without stopping the leak, the vapours could form explosive mixtures with air and re-ignite.
Foam is the most effective agent for fighting large fires of this type. Cover the liquid with appropriate foam to blanket the surface to reduce the rate of evaporation, control intensity of fire when a leak can't be stopped, and to extinguish the fire when the leak is stopped. Foam manufacturers should be consulted for recommendations regarding types of foams and application rates. Water is ineffective for fighting fires because triamylamine is not soluble in water and also floats on water. The intensity of fire can be reduced when water is applied as a fine spray or fog to absorb the heat of the fire, and to cool exposed containers and materials.
If a leak or spill has not ignited, use water spray in large quantities to disperse the vapours, and to protect personnel attempting to stop a leak. Solid streams of water are ineffective and will spread material.
Closed containers may explode in the heat of the fire. Always stay away from ends of tanks, but be aware that flying material (shrapnel) from ruptured tanks may travel in any direction. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety device or any discolouration of tank due to fire. If possible isolate materials not yet involved in the fire and move containers from fire area if this can be done without risk. Protect personnel. Otherwise, cool fire-exposed containers, tanks or equipment by applying hose streams. Dike water runoff. Cooling should begin as soon as possible (within several minutes) and should concentrate on any unwetted portions of the container. Apply water from the side and a safe distance. Cooling should continue until well after the fire is out. If this is not possible, use unmanned monitor nozzles and immediately evacuate area.
For an advanced or a massive fire in a large area, use unmanned hose holder or monitor nozzles; if this is not possible withdraw from fire area and allow fire to burn.
After the fire has been extinguished, the resulting mixtures of water and triamylamine are toxic and may be combustible. Very toxic and explosive atmospheres may be present. Before entering such an area especially confined areas, check the atmosphere with an appropriate monitoring device while wearing full protective gear.
Containers or tanks should not be approached directly after they have been involved in a fire, until they have been completely cooled down.

Protection of Fire Fighters:
Triamylamines and their decomposition products such as nitrogen oxides and hydrogen cyanide are extremely hazardous to health. Do not enter any fire area without specialized protective equipment suitable for the situation. Firefighter's normal protective clothing (Bunker Gear) will not provide adequate protection. A full-body encapsulating chemical protective suit with positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (NIOSH approved or equivalent) may be necessary.



NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION (NFPA) HAZARD IDENTIFICATION

NFPA - Health: 3 - Short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury. (tripentylamine)
NFPA - Flammability: 1 - Must be preheated before ignition can occur. (tripentylamine)
NFPA - Instability: 0 - Normally stable, even under fire conditions, and not reactive with water. (tripentylamine)

SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Molecular Weight: 227.4

Conversion Factor:
1 ppm = 9.3 mg/m3; 1 mg/m3 = 0.11 ppm at 25 deg C (calculated)

Physical State: Liquid
Melting Point: Varies with composition. Less than -74 deg C (-101 deg F) (14)
Boiling Point: Varies with composition. 234-260 deg C (453-500 deg F) (6,14)
Relative Density (Specific Gravity): 0.77-0.80 at 20 deg C (water = 1) (6,14)
Solubility in Water: Practically insoluble (less than 0.1g/100 mL) at 25 deg C (estimated)
Solubility in Other Liquids: Soluble in ethanol and diethyl ether.(16) Expected to be soluble in most organic solvents.(6)
Coefficient of Oil/Water Distribution (Partition Coefficient): Log P(oct) = 5.71-5.93 (estimated) (17)
pH Value: 9.9 (8.8 x 10(-5)M solution, 0.002%) at 20 deg C (estimated, calculated)
Basicity: Strong organic base.
Dissociation Constant: pKb = 3.1 (estimated)
Viscosity-Dynamic: 2.421 mPa.s (2.421 centipoises) at 20 deg C (6); 2.416-2.421 mPa.s (2.416-2.421 centipoises) at 25 deg C (18)
Surface Tension: 24.4 mN/m (24.4 dynes/cm ) at 13 deg C (6); 24.34-26.24 mN/m (24.34-26.24 dynes/cm) at 20 deg C (19)
Vapour Density: 7.8 (air = 1) (calculated)
Vapour Pressure: Varies with composition. 0.012-0.1 kPa (0.093-0.75 mm Hg) at 25 deg C (estimated); 0.13 kPa (1 mm Hg) at 20 deg C (14)
Saturation Vapour Concentration: Varies with composition. 120-1300 ppm at 25 deg C (calculated)
Evaporation Rate: Expected to evaporate at a much slower rate than n-butyl acetate.
Henry's Law Constant: 23-56 Pa.m3/mol (cited as 2.3-5.5 x 10(-4) atm.m3/mol) at 25 deg C (estimated) (20); log H = -1.65 (dimensionless constant; calculated)

Other Physical Properties:
DIELECTRIC CONSTANT: 2.42 at 25 deg C (dimensionless, estimated) (21)


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Stability:
Normally stable.

Hazardous Polymerization:
Does not occur.

Incompatibility - Materials to Avoid:

NOTE: Chemical reactions that could result in a hazardous situation (e.g. generation of flammable or toxic chemicals, fire or detonation) are listed here. Many of these reactions can be done safely if specific control measures (e.g. cooling of the reaction) are in place. Although not intended to be complete, an overview of important reactions involving common chemicals is provided to assist in the development of safe work practices.


MERCURY - Reacts explosively. Forms shock-sensitive compounds.(26)
STRONG OXIDIZING AGENTS (e.g. hydrogen peroxide; nitric acid, perchlorates, hypochlorites) - React violently with risk of fire or explosion. Reaction with hypochlorites form unstable chloroamines, which may explode at room temperature.(26)
STRONG ACIDS (e.g. hydrogen halides, sulfuric acid, chlorosulfonic acid) - Reaction with concentrated acids is vigorous or violent.(26,27)
NITROMETHANE - Reaction product may detonate; organic amines and nitromethane form sensitive explosive mixtures.(26)
NITROSATING AGENTS (e.g. sodium nitrite) - May react to form nitrosamine compounds which might be cancer-causing.(28)
NITROPHENOLS - Form shock-sensitive compounds.(26)
HALOGENATING AGENTS (e.g. chlorine gas, thionyl chloride) - Reaction evolves heat. Form heat sensitive salts.(26)
LEWIS ACIDS (e.g. boron trichloride, aluminum chloride) - May react violently.(27)
ACYLATING AGENTS (e.g. acetyl chloride, phosgene) or ALKYLHALIDES (e.g. benzyl chloride or t-butyl chloride) - May evolve heat.(15,29)
EPOXIDES (e.g. ethylene oxide) - Reaction may evolve heat.(15,29)
CARBON DISULFIDE, ISOCYANATES and ISOTHIOCYANATES - Reaction may be rapid and may evolve heat.(15,29)
CARBON DIOXIDE - Forms thermally unstable amine carbamate salts.(29)

Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Prolonged exposure to air oxidizes triamylamine releasing transient, organic peroxides and thermally unstable triamylamine N-oxides, which may cause cancer. The triamylamine N-oxides may further decompose to release butene (flammable gas) or pentene (a very volatile flammable liquid), nitrous acid (corrosive and oxidizer), or formaldehyde (corrosive and very toxic).(23,24,25)

Conditions to Avoid:
Static discharge, sparks, temperatures of 77 deg C or above, open flames hot surfaces, and other sources of ignition; prolonged exposure to air.

Corrosivity to Metals:
There is no specific corrosion data for triamylamine (mixed isomers). The mixture is not expected to be corrosive to carbon steel, aluminum at room temperature, and most stainless steels.(30) These conclusions are based on information for tri-n-butylamine and other tertiary amines. In general, alkylamines and water mixtures of alkylamines are considered corrosive to copper and copper alloys (e.g. brass), some aluminum alloys, zinc, zinc alloys, and galvanized surfaces.(15,31)

Corrosivity to Non-Metals:
There is no specific corrosion data for triamylamine (mixed isomers). The mixture is expected to attack polypropylene and polyurethane. Triamylamines are expected to slightly attack polyamide, polyvinylidene chloride, chlorinated polyvinylidene chloride, chlorinated polyvinyl chloride, polyvinyl chloride, high density polyethylene, thermoset polyesters, thermoset vinyl ester, and chlorinated polyether. Triamylamines are not expected to attack Teflon and most other fluorinated plastics; some polyamides, and thermoset epoxy.(32) These conclusions are based on information for tri-n-butylamine and other tertiary amines. Water mixtures of tri-n-amylamine are basic and therefore will etch glass.


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

No animal information was located for triamylamine (mixed isomers).

Mutagenicity:
No specific information was located for triamylamine (mixed isomers). A negative result was obtained in bacteria for tri-n-amylamine, which is a component of triamylamine (mixed isomers).(2)


SECTION 16. OTHER INFORMATION

Selected Bibliography:
(1) Cavender, F.L. Aliphatic and alicyclic amines. Patty's industrial hygiene and toxicology. 5th rev. ed. Vol. 4. John Wiley & Sons, 2000. p. 683-706
(2) Zeiger, E., et al. Salmonella mutagenicity tests: III. Results from the testing of 255 chemicals. Environmental Mutagenesis. Vol. 9, suppl. 9 (1987). p. 1-110
(3) Flick, E.W. Industrial solvents handbook. 3rd ed. Noyes Data Corporation, 1985. p. 531
(4) Lewis, Sr., R.J., ed. sec-Triamylamine. Hawley's condensed chemical dictionary. 12th ed. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1993. p. 1165 (triamylamine)
(5) Fire protection guide to hazardous materials. 13th ed. Edited by A.B. Spencer, et al. National Fire Protection Association, 2002. NFPA 325; NFPA 49
(6) Flick, E.W., Industrial solvents handbook. 3rd ed. Noyes Data, 1985. p. 531
(7) Grant, M.W., et al. Toxicology of the eye. 4th ed. Charles C. Thomas, 1993. p. 103-104
(8) Page, E.H. et al. Visual and ocular changes associated with exposure to two tertiary amines. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Vol. 60, no. 1 (2003). p. 69-75
(9) Akesson, B. et al. Visual disturbances after experimental human exposure to triethylamine. British Journal of Industrial Medicine. Vol. 42, no. 12 (1985). p. 848-850
(10) Lijinsky, W., et al. Nitrosation of tertiary amines and some biologic implications. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Vol. 49, no. 5 (Nov. 1972). p. 1239-1249
(11) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). IARC monographs on the evaluation of the carcinogenic risk of chemicals to humans. Vol. 17. Some N-nitroso compounds. World Health Organization (WHO), May 1978
(12) Greim, H., et al. Toxicity of aliphatic amines: structure-activity relationship. Chemosphere. Vol. 36, no. 2 (1998). p. 271-295
(13) Lawrence, S.A. Amines: synthesis, properties, and applications. Cambridge University Press, 2004. p. 34
(14) Triamylamine, mixture of isomers. Arkema Website. Arkema Inc. MSDS and specification sheet. Date updated: 10-2004. Available at: <www.arkema-inc.com/index.cfm>
(15) Karsten E., et al. Amines, aliphatic. In: Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co, 2002. Available at: <www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/ueic/ueic_search_fs.html> {subscription required}
(16) Lide, D.R., ed. Handbook of chemistry and physics. 82nd ed. CRC Press, 2001. p. 3-239 (tri-n-amylamine)
(17) Syracuse Research Corporation. The Physical Properties Database (PHYSPROP). Interactive PhysProp Database Demo. Date unknown. Available at: <www.syrres.com/esc/physdemo.htm> (tri-n-amylamine, triisoamylamine)
(18) Shah, J.K. et al. Viscosity-temperature correlation for liquid aliphatic amines. Journal of Chemical Engineering Data. Vol. 14, no. 3 (1969). p. 333-335
(19) Jasper, J.J. The surface tension of pure liquid compounds. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data. Vol. 1, no. 4 (1972). p. 841-907
(20) Yaws, C.L. et al. Solubility and Henry's Law Constants for amines in water. Chemical Engineering. Aug. 1, 2001. p. 84-88. Available at: <www.che.com> {Subscription required} (tri-n-butylamine, tri-n-amylamine)
(21) Dean, J.A. Lange's handbook of chemistry. 15th ed. McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1992. p. 5.123 (triethylamine)
(22) Stephenson, R.M. Flash points of organic and organometallic compounds. Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc., 1987. p. 269 (C15H33N)
(23) Cullis, C.F., et al. The gaseous oxidation of secondary aliphatic amines. Transaction of the Faraday Society. 1959. p. 2069-2076
(24) Gutman, D., et al. Identification of reactive routes in the reactions of oxygen atoms with methylamine, dimethylamine, trimethylamine, ethylamine, diethylamine, and trimethylamine. The Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 83, no. 24 (1979). p. 3065-3070
(25) Chen, J. M., et al. Autoxidation of trimethylamine in aqueous solutions. Journal of Organic Chemistry. Vol. 55 (1990). p. 3233-3236
(26) Urben, P.G., ed. Bretherick's reactive chemical hazards database. [CD-ROM]. 6th ed. Version 3.0. Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd., 1999
(27) Armour, M.-A. Hazardous laboratory chemicals disposal guide. 2nd ed. Lewis Publishers, 1996. p. 47 (aniline)
(28) European Chemical Industry Council (CEFIC). CEFIC guidelines for the distribution of methylamines. Published by the Methylamines and Derivatives Sector Group. June 1999. Available at: <www.cefic.be> (chemistry sector: Petrochemistry - Methylamines and Derivatives Sector Group) or <www.petrochemistry.net>
(29) Turcotte, G.M., et al. Amines, lower aliphatic amines and methylamines. In: Kirk-Othmer encyclopedia of chemical technology. Wiley and Sons, 2001. Available at: <www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/kirk/kirk_search_fs> {subscription required}
(30) Corrosion data survey: metals section. 6th ed. National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 1985. p. 128-129 (tributylamine)
(31) Pruett, K.M. Chemical resistance guide for metals and alloys: a guide to chemical resistance of metals and alloys. Compass Publications, 1995. p. 14-25 (amines)
(32) Pruett, K.M. Chemical resistance guide for plastics: a guide to chemical resistance of engineering thermoplastics, fluoroplastics, fibers and thermoset resins. Compass Publications, 2000. p. 554-565 (tributylamine), p. 586-597 (triethylamine)
(33) National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Amines, aliphatic. In: NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM(R)). 4th ed. Edited by M.E. Cassinelli, et al. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication 94-113. Aug. 1994. Available at: <www.cdc.gov/niosh/nmam/nmammenu.html>
(34) National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). n-Butylamine. In: NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM(R)). 4th ed. Edited by M.E. Cassinelli, et al. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication 94-113. Aug. 1994. Available at: <www.cdc.gov/niosh/nmam/nmammenu.html>

Information on chemicals reviewed in the CHEMINFO database is drawn from a number of publicly available sources. A list of general references used to compile CHEMINFO records is available in the database Help.


Review/Preparation Date: 2006-01-05



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