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TETRAETHYL LEAD ICSC: 0008
Date of Peer Review: November 2003

Tetraethyl plumbane
Lead tetraethyl
TEL
CAS # 78-00-2 Pb(C2H5)4
RTECS # TP4550000 Molecular mass: 323.45
UN # 1649
EC # 082-002-00-1
TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 93C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 93C use a closed system, ventilation.
Combat fire out of sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN! AVOID EXPOSURE OF ADOLESCENTS AND CHILDREN!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
Inhalation Convulsions. Dizziness. Headache. Vomiting. Weakness. Unconsciousness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. (Further see Inhalation).
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Dizziness. Headache. Vomiting. Weakness. Unconsciousness.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. (Extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.) Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.
Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Severe marine pollutant.
EU Classification
Symbol: T+, N
R: 61-26/27/28-33-50/53-62
S: 45-53-60-61
Note: [A, E, for preparations: Note 1]
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Pack Group: I
EMERGENCY RESPONSE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1649
NFPA Code: H3; F2; R3;
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, acids. Keep in the dark. Ventilation along the floor.
IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities IPCS, CEC 1999

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TETRAETHYL LEAD ICSC: 0008
IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS VISCOUS LIQUID, WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes. Reacts violently with strong oxidants, acids, halogens causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks rubber, some forms of plastic and coating.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: (as lead) 0.1 mg/m; (skin); A4; (ACGIH 2003).
MAK: (as lead) 0.05 mg/m; H; Peak limitation category: II(2); Pregnancy risk group: D; (DFG 2003).
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, resulting in unconsciousness. Exposure at high levels may result in death. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The substance may have effects on the central nervous system. May cause toxicity to human reproduction or development.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Decomposes below boiling point at 200C
Melting point: -136.8C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.7
Solubility in water: very poor
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 0.027
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 8.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 93C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: above 110C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.8-?
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 4.15
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. It is strongly advised that this substance does not enter the environment.
NOTES
Tetraethyl lead used as an anti-knock compound in gasoline also contains ethylene dibromide and ethylene dichloride as impurities. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. The relation between odour and the occupational exposure limit cannot be indicated. Do NOT take working clothes home.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


LEGAL NOTICE Neither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
IPCS, CEC 1999