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ALUMINIUM PHOSPHIDE ICSC: 0472
Date of Peer Review: April 1997

Aluminum phosphide
CAS # 20859-73-8 AlP
RTECS # BD1400000 Molecular mass: 58
UN # 1397
EC Index # 015-004-00-8
TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but forms flammable gas on contact with water or damp air. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with acid(s) and water.
Special powder, dry sand, NO other agents. NO water.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with acid(s) and water.


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!

Inhalation Sore throat. Cough. Shortness of breath. Headache. Dizziness. Nausea. Vomiting.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
Skin Redness. Burning sensation.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid.
Eyes Redness.
Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Abdominal pain. Headache. Convulsions. Shock or collapse. Unconsciousness.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.
Airtight. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
EU Classification
Symbol: F, T+, N
R: 15/29-28-32-50
S: (1/2-)-3/9/14-30-36/37-45-61
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 4.3
UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
UN Pack Group: I
EMERGENCY RESPONSE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-43GWT2-I
Fireproof. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from acids, water food and feedstuffs. Dry.
IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities IPCS, CEC 2005

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ALUMINIUM PHOSPHIDE ICSC: 0472
IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
DARK GREY OR DARK YELLOW CRYSTALS.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on contact with water, moist air and acids producing highly flammable and toxic gases (phosphine, see ICSC 0694).

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly. Hydrolysis in atmospheric moisture or perspiration may yield gaseous phosphine which can be inhaled.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Inhalation of phosphine liberated from aluminium phosphide may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system, nervous system and respiratory tract, resulting in impaired functions and respiratory failure. Exposure may result in death.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Melting point: >1000C
Relative density (water = 1): 2.9
Solubility in water: reaction
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
NOTES
Commercial formulations for fumigations usually contain 57% of active ingredient. Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Do NOT take working clothes home. Alutal, Celphide, Celphine, Celphos, Delicia Gastoxin, Detia Gas-Ex-B, Detia Gas-Ex-P, Detia Gas-Ex-T, L fume, Phosfume, Phostek, Phostoxin, Quickfos, and Zedesa are trade names. Also consult ICSC 0694 for Phosphine. Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See sections EU classification, Emergency Response.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


LEGAL NOTICE Neither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
IPCS, CEC 2005