INTOX Home Page
PENTACHLOROETHANE ICSC: 1394
Date of Peer Review: October 2002

Ethane pentachloride
Pentalin
CAS # 76-01-7 CHCl2CCl3
RTECS # KI6300000 Molecular mass: 202.3
UN # 1669
EC # 602-017-00-4
TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
Inhalation Confusion. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
Skin Dry skin.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes Redness. Pain.
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea. (Further See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. (Extra personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours.)
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. Marine pollutant.
EU Classification
Symbol: T, N
R: 40-48/23-51/53
S: (1/2-)-23-36/37-45-61
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Pack Group: II
EMERGENCY RESPONSE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S1669
NFPA Code: H3; F0; R0;
Separated from food and feedstuffs, strong bases and powdered metals. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities IPCS, CEC 1999

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK


PENTACHLOROETHANE ICSC: 1394
IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID, WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour is heavier than air.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride and phosgene. Reacts violently with strong bases powdered metals and sodium-potassium alloy causing explosion and toxic hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
MAK: 5 ppm; 42 mg/m; Peak limitation category: II(2); (DFG 2002).
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air can be reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes, and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system, resulting in depression.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the nervous system, resulting in impaired functions.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 162C
Melting point: -29C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.68
Solubility in water: very poor
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25C: 0.453
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 7.0
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.03
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.67
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
NOTES
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


LEGAL NOTICE Neither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
IPCS, CEC 1999