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MERCURIC CHLORIDE ICSC: 0979
Date of Peer Review: November 2003

Mercury dichloride
Mercury (II) chloride
CAS # 7487-94-7 HgCl2
RTECS # OV9100000 Molecular mass: 271.5
UN # 1624
EC # 080-010-00-X
TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: all extinguishing agents allowed.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath.
Local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blisters. Skin burns.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes Pain. Redness. Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal cramps. Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Metallic taste. Diarrhoea. Nausea. Sore throat. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL PACKAGING & LABELLING
Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. (Extra personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus.)
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. Severe marine pollutant.
EU Classification
Symbol: T+, N
R: 28-34-48/24/25-50/53
S: (1/2-)-36/37/39-45-60-61
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Pack Group: II
EMERGENCY RESPONSE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT5-II
Separated from food and feedstuffs, light metals.
IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities IPCS, CEC 1999

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MERCURIC CHLORIDE ICSC: 0979
IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
WHITE CRYSTALS OR POWDER.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes due to heating producing toxic fumes of mercury and chlorine fumes. Reacts with light metals.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: (as mercury) 0.025 mg/m; (skin); A4; (ACGIH 2003).
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the respiratory tract and is corrosive to the eyes and the skin. Corrosive on ingestion. The substance may cause effects on the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys, resulting in tissue lesions, kidney failure, collapse and death. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. The substance may have effects on the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and kidneys, resulting in ataxia, sensory and memory disturbances, fatigue, muscle weakness and kidney impairment.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 302C
Melting point: 276C
Density: 6.5 g/cm
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 7.4
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20C: 0.1
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.1
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur along the food chain, for example in aquatic organisms. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment.
NOTES
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Do NOT take working clothes home.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


LEGAL NOTICE Neither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
IPCS, CEC 1999