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GLYCOLONITRILE ICSC: 1427
Date of Peer Review: October 2002

Formaldehyde cyanohydrin
Hydroxyacetonitrile
Cyanomethanol
Glyconitrile
Glycolic acid nitrile solution
CAS # 107-16-4 C2H3NO / HOCH2CN
RTECS # AM0350000 Molecular mass: 57.1
UN # 3276
EC #
TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
Inhalation Dizziness. Dullness. Headache. Shortness of breath. Weakness. Blue lips or finger nails.
Closed system and ventilation.
Fresh air, rest. No mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! (Further see Inhalation).
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. (Further see Inhalation).
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
Ingestion (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention. See Notes.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Wash away remainder with plenty of water. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. (Extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.)
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
EU Classification
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Pack Group: II
EMERGENCY RESPONSE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT1-I
Separated from food and feedstuffs, acids, bases. Cool. Store only if stabilized.
IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities IPCS, CEC 1999

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK


GLYCOLONITRILE ICSC: 1427
IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS OILY LIQUID

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance may polymerize violently under the influence of traces of acid(s) or base(s) with fire or explosion hazard. The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes including hydrogen cyanide and nitrogen oxides.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV not established.
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
No indication can be given about the rate in which a harmful concentration in the air is reached on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is irritating to the eyes. The substance may cause effects on the cellular respiration, resulting in convulsions and respiratory failure. Exposure may result in death. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The substance may have effects on the nervous system and thyroid.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 183C
Melting point: -72C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.1
Solubility in water: good
Vapour pressure, Pa at 63C: 100
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.0
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.00
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.6
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
This substance may be hazardous in the environment; special attention should be given to aquatic organisms.
NOTES
An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Commercial products are supplied as stabilized 70 % solutions in water.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


LEGAL NOTICE Neither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
IPCS, CEC 1999