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ETHYLENE GLYCOL ICSC: 0270
Date of Peer Review: March 1999

1,2-Ethanediol
1,2-Dihydroxyethane
CAS # 107-21-1 HOCH2CH2OH
RTECS # KW2975000 Molecular mass: 62.1
UN #
EC Index # 603-027-00-1
TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

Inhalation Cough. Dizziness. Headache.
Ventilation.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
Skin Dry skin.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
Eyes Redness. Pain.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Dullness. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Vomiting.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention. If no medical personnel are available and the patient is conscious, ingestion of alcoholic beverage may prevent kidney failure.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL PACKAGING & LABELLING
Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of water. Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours.
EU Classification
Symbol: Xn
R: 22
S: (2)
UN Classification

EMERGENCY RESPONSE STORAGE
NFPA Code: H1; F1; R0;
Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases. Dry. Ventilation along the floor.
IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities IPCS, CEC 2005

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ETHYLENE GLYCOL ICSC: 0270
IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
ODOURLESS, COLOURLESS VISCOUS HYGROSCOPIC LIQUID

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
On combustion, forms toxic gases. Reacts with strong oxidants and strong bases.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 100 mg/m (Ceiling value); A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: 10 ppm, 26 mg/m; Peak limitation category: I(2); skin absorption (H); Pregnancy risk group: C; (DFG 2004).
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the kidneys and central nervous system, resulting in renal failure and brain injury. Exposure could cause lowering of consciousness.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The substance may have effects on the central nervous system, resulting in abnormal eye movements (nystagmus).
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 198C
Melting point: -13C
Relative density (water = 1): 1.1
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20C: 7
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.1
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.00
Flash point: 111C (c.c.)
Auto-ignition temperature: 398C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.2-15.3
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.93
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA

NOTES
The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure. Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, Emergency Response.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


LEGAL NOTICE Neither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
IPCS, CEC 2005
See Also:
        Ethylene glycol (CHEMINFO)
        Ethylene glycol (PIM 227)
        Ethylene glycol (PIM 227F)