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ETHANOL (ANHYDROUS) ICSC: 0044
Date of Peer Review: October 2000

Ethyl alcohol
CAS # 64-17-5 CH3CH2OH / C2H6O
RTECS # KQ6300000 Molecular mass: 46.1
UN # 1170
EC # 603-002-00-5
TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking. NO contact with strong oxidants.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water in large amounts, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE


Inhalation Cough. Headache. Fatigue. Drowsiness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
Skin Dry skin.
Protective gloves.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
Eyes Redness. Pain. Burning.
Safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Burning sensation. Headache. Confusion. Dizziness. Unconsciousness.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL PACKAGING & LABELLING
Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.
EU Classification
Symbol: F
R: 11
S: (2-)-7-16
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3
UN Pack Group: II
EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30S1170
NFPA Code: H 0; F 3; R 0;
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants.
IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities IPCS, CEC 2004

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK


ETHANOL (ANHYDROUS) ICSC: 0044
IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS LIQUID, WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Reacts slowly with calcium hypochlorite, silver oxide and ammonia, causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts violently with strong oxidants such as nitric acid, silver nitrate, mercuric nitrate or magnesium perchlorate, causing fire and explosion hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: 1000 ppm as TWA; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen); (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: 500 ppm, 960 mg/m; Peak limitation category: II(2); Carcinogen category: 5; Pregnancy risk group: C; Germ cell mutagen group: 5; (DFG 2004).
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance irritates the eyes. Inhalation of high concentration of vapour may cause irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the upper respiratory tract and central nervous system, resulting in irritation, headache, fatigue and lack of concentration. See Notes.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 79C
Melting point: -117C
Relative density (water = 1): 0.8
Solubility in water: miscible
Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 5.8
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 1.6
Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.03
Flash point: 13C c.c.
Auto-ignition temperature: 363C
Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.3-19
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -0.32
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA

NOTES
Ethanol consumption during pregnancy may adversely affect the unborn child. Chronic ingestion of ethanol may cause liver cirrhosis. The flash point of 50% water solution is 24C.
Card has been partly updated in April 2005. See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


LEGAL NOTICE Neither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
IPCS, CEC 2004
See Also:
        Ethanol (Cheminfo)