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DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE ICSC: 1473
Date of Peer Review: October 2002

Diglycoldinitrate
Di(hydroxyethyl)ether dinitrate
Oxydiethylene dinitrate
DEGDN
CAS # 693-21-0 C4H8N2O7 / O2NOC2H4OC2H4ONO2
RTECS # ID6825000 Molecular mass: 196.1
UN # 0075
EC # 603-033-00-4
TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Explosive. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide, Note: Evacuate area, fight fires only from an explosion-resistant location.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion.
Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Use non-sparking handtools. Do NOT expose to friction or shock.
In case of fire: cool drums, etc., by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
Inhalation Flushing of the face. Hypotension. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Weakness. Blue lips or finger nails. Blue skin. Confusion. Convulsions. Unconsciousness.
Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! (See Inhalation).
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes
Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
Ingestion (See Inhalation).
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. (Extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.)
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
EU Classification
Symbol: E, T+
R: 3-26/27/28-33-52/53
S: (1/2-)-33-35-36/37-45-61
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 1.1D

EMERGENCY RESPONSE STORAGE

Fireproof. Store in separate building. Separated from acids, food and feedstuffs. Cool. Well closed.
IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities IPCS, CEC 1999

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DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE ICSC: 1473
IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
LIQUID

PHYSICAL DANGERS:
As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion producing toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides. May decompose explosively on shock, friction, or concussion. Reacts with acids.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
MAK: IIb (see Notes); H (DFG 2002).
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance may cause effects on the cardiovascular system, central nervous system and blood, resulting in impaired functions and the formation of methaemoglobin. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The substance may have effects on the cardiovascular system, resulting in cardiac disorders.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Boiling point at 0.9 kPa: 139C
Melting point: 2C
Vapour pressure, Pa at 20C: 0.5
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
NOTES
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. MAK value not established but full documentation is available (MAK IIb).
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


LEGAL NOTICE Neither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
IPCS, CEC 1999