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ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE ICSC: 1224
Date of Peer Review: April 2004

Trichlorostibine
Antimonous chloride
Butter of antimony
Antimony(III) chloride
CAS # 10025-91-9 SbCl3
RTECS # CC4900000 Molecular mass: 228.1
UN # 1733
EC Index # 051-001-00-8
TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSURE ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.

In case of fire in the surroundings: NO water.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
Inhalation Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Abdominal pain.
Ventilation (not if powder), local exhaust, or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
Skin Pain. Redness. Serious skin burns.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes Pain. Redness. Severe deep burns.
Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Burning sensation. Abdominal cramps. Nausea. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give plenty of water to drink. Refer for medical attention.
SPILLAGE DISPOSAL PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
EU Classification
Symbol: C, N
R: 34-51/53
S: (1/2-)-26-45-61
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 8
UN Pack Group: II
EMERGENCY RESPONSE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80GC2-II+III
Separated from food and feedstuffs. Dry. Well closed.
IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities IPCS, CEC 2005

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE ICSC: 1224
IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS HYGROSCOPIC CRYSTALS, WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes including chlorine and antimony oxides. Reacts with water to produce heat, hydrogen chloride (see ICSC0163) and antimony oxychloride. Attacks many metals in the presence of water. Aluminium burns in antimony trichloride vapour.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
TLV: (as Sb) 0.5 mg/m as TWA (ACGIH 2004).
MAK: Carcinogen category: 2; Germ cell mutagen group: 3A; (DFG 2005).
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:
Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of the substance may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The substance may have effects on the cardiovascular system.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 223.5C
Melting point: 73C
Density: 3.14 g/cm
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 25C: 10
Vapour pressure, Pa at 49C: 133
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
NOTES
C.I. 77056 is an alternative name. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Card has been partly updated in October 2005. See section Occupational Exposure Limits.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


LEGAL NOTICE Neither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
IPCS, CEC 2005
See Also:
        Antimony III trichloride (UK PID)